Authors page of Was Darwin right?

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At the start of time................

Evolution puts bacteria as the first self replicating organisms, but scientists have no irrefutable evidence of how such complex organisms arose by chance?

Bacteria to amoeba...............

A small step size wise, but a change from the Kingdom of Prokaryotic organisms to the Kingdom of Eukaryotic organisms with many new cell parts.

Fossils showing stability over time...............

Many fossils, like this jellyfish fossil, actually show stability of some species over time rather than change and there is a lack of intermediates. Species that are the same as their fossil ancestors are called "Living fossils".

Evolution or diversification...............

Dogs are a wonderful example of diversification within a species that can be applied to many other species, not to be confused with evolution.

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Chance or design?
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This site was put together originally in November 2000. All of those below have made varying contributions.

Whilst the contributors have some differences of opinion of how life on earth arose, they share a common disbelief in molecules to man evolution by chance.

 

AUTHORS PAGE

BAKER, JOE. I am now 29 years old (2011) and married to the love of my life, Ann as pictured right.. We got married in June, and spent the summer touring Christian music festivals all over the US with our t-shirt company www.livoffensively.com. The purpose of this small ministry is to help students engage their culture with the light of Jesus and the Truth of His Word. 

My wife and I also run a pro-life non-profit in Texas called Save the Storks. Our mission is to build mobile pregnancy centers equipped with sonogram machines. These mobile units are parked in front of abortion clinics, and women going into the clinics have the opportunity to receive a free sonogram from our trained staff. Our first bus in Dallas is almost complete! Please check out www.savethestorks.com for more information.

Lastly, my wife and I created www.wildlovestory.com as our way of sharing what the Lord is doing in our marriage. Our goal is to blog weekly, sharing with our readers the victories and struggles of marriage, along with some of our adventures - we love to rock climb, skydive, and tromp around in the mountains together! 

I have been on TV and radio in the USA to talk about the Creation versus evolution issue. Joe has contributed to parts of this site including on the FAQ and Does it matter pages and has also contributed by responding to posted comments.

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BONNETTE, PROFESSOR DENNIS. Author of the Ape language page of this site. At the end of 2003, Dr. Dennis Bonnette retired as Full Professor of Philosophy at Niagara University in Lewiston, New York, where he was also Chairman of the Philosophy Department from 1992 to 2002. 

He received his doctorate in philosophy from the University of Notre Dame in 1970, and taught philosophy at the college level for more than 40 years. Dr. Bonnette was a faculty member of the San Diego College for Women, Loyola University in New Orleans, and the University of Dayton, before coming to Niagara University. 

He has participated in many radio and television programs on social, ethical, and theological topics in the course of his career, and written a number of scholarly articles as well as two books, Aquinas' Proofs for God’s Existence and Origin of the Human Species.

This last work has just been published in a second edition (Sapientia Press: 2003) with a new foreword by Dr. Michael J. Behe, Full Professor of Biological Sciences at Lehigh University and author of Darwin's Black Box.  

Dr. Bonnette and his wife, Lois, live in Youngstown, NY. They have seven adult children and fifteen grandchildren To top.

BUDD, MARTIN. Author of a review of Stephen Hawkins book The Grand Design: New Answers to the Ultimate Questions of Life and of the Chance page.

I have a BSc (Human + Social Sciences) and later training in software engineering, working in this field. I have also done teaching and tutoring further and higher education. I was brought up as a Christian, and my faith has grown, especially over the last 20 years. 

In zoology A level, our teacher once gave us an exercise to assess the relative biological success of amoeba and man. The amoeba won easily. I have always been interested in issues of philosophy, ideology, faith and science. 

For me, evolution (particularly the current neo-Darwinian view of speciation) is nowhere near adequate to be a comprehensive explanation of all the miraculous complexities of life. Valuing science, I don’t wish to see its integrity compromised by preconceptions or leaps of logic common from the neo-atheist platform. With God all things are possible. 

The ethical implication of physicalism is also very dangerous, and the public can again be misled. (“Why shouldn't one bunch of molecules obliterate another? “) These pass unnoticed by the general reader, but can hinder moral criticism in society. To top.

CAMBRIDGE, RALPH is the author of the Museum visit page.

Ralph Cambridge is a biologist working in the UK who has been a frequent visitor to the Natural History Museum since his childhood years. His education included being taught the theory of Evolution as if it was true, but gradually he began to realize the theory's many faults and shortcomings, eventually recognising it for what it is: a pernicious and fallacious atheistic paradigm. 

For several year Ralph has been involved with the Creation Science movement in the UK.

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DeYOUNG, DR DON. Don DeYoung has contributed short pieces to the Flood and Early man pages. 

Don DeYoung is Chairman of the Physical Science Department, Grace College, Winona Lake, Indiana. Courses taught include physics, astronomy, and mathematics.  He has taught at Grace since 1972 with sabbatical leaves spent in California, Europe, and the South Pacific.  

Dr. DeYoung is also on the summer faculty of the Institute for Creation Research, San Diego. He is a graduate of Michigan Tech University (B.S., M.S., Physics), Iowa State University (Ph.D., Physics), and Grace Seminary (M. Div.).  His writings have appeared in many periodicals.  He has also written twelve books on Bible-science topics, including object lessons for children.

Dr. DeYoung is a member of the Indiana Academy of Science and the AuSable Environmental Institute. He is currently president of the Creation Research Society with 1,700 members worldwide. This group funds research, publishes a technical journal, and operates a laboratory in Arizona. Don speaks on creation topics and believes that the details of nature are a powerful testimony to the Creator's care for mankind.  

Dr. DeYoung and his wife Sally have three married daughters.  In their local church Don is an elder, Sunday School teacher, and board member of Warsaw Christian School. To top

 

EAGER, DIANE.  I am a medical graduate, but have spent most of my time in medical education and doing some research. I became interested in the Creation and evolution issue because I was never happy with the idea that Genesis and evolution were describing the same events. As I looked at the evidence and discussed it with other people I found more and more evidence that fitted the Bible but not evolution. 

I now spend most of my time doing research, writing and presentation preparation in Creation topics. I also give slide presentations, mainly on biology and design and some Biblical topics. I currently work full time for Creation Research in Australia. 

Diane Eager has contributed to this site by writing most of the Complexity page and writing some parts of the FAQ page.  Diane currently attends an Evangelical Anglican Church. Diane currently attends an Evangelical Anglican Church.

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GASCOIGNE, MIKE. B.Sc., M.S., C.Eng., M.I.Chem.E., M.I.S.T.C., City & Guilds Stage 1 Certificate in Teaching Adult Learners. Mike Gascoigne

Author of the History page of this site. 

My name is Mike Gascoigne and I am the author of two books:

I started off as a chemical engineer and then went freelance and wrote manuals on all sorts of subjects that are described on my technical writing page. Sometimes people ask why someone with a scientific background should be writing historical and theological books, and the answer is that everything fits together, and you can't understand anything in isolation. In particular, if you try to write about the very early history of the world, during the first few centuries after the Flood, people always ask science questions.

Send me a message if you want to talk about any of these subjects. To top.

HAMPTON, CRAIG. I live in the USA and am married with two children. For several years I have been interested in the Creation versus evolution debate and have contributed to this site by responding to many past comments posted to this site and by writing a part of the Anti Creation page. 

I grew up in a Christian home and have essentially been a Christian all my life. Although I grew up in the Methodist church, I transitioned with my family to a church in the Nazarene denomination when I was in high school and have stayed there ever since.  I have a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering and should have my Masters of Business Administration degree completed by May 2005 if all goes as planned.

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Mc INTOSH, PROFESSOR ANDY.DSc, FIMA, C.Math, FEI, C.Eng, FInstP, MIGEM, FRAeS. Dr Andy C. McIntosh is a Professor (the highest teaching/research rank in U.K. university hierarchy) in Combustion Theory at Leeds University, U.K. His Ph.D. was in aerodynamics. A number of his students later worked for Rolls Royce, designing aircraft engines. 

Dr Andy C. McIntosh wrote the "six days" page of the site, which also appeared in an edited format in the Evangelical Alliance IDEA magazine of August 2005.

See his interview in Creation 20(2):28–31, March–May 1998, Flying High

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RANDALL, DR LUKE.C. Biol, M.I.Biol, M.Sc. PhD

Whilst studying I found that there were aspects of the theory of evolution that were hard to accept where the evidence did not seem robust. Having worked as a microbiologist for about 35 years (in 2013), I still struggle with the concept that bacteria can change into all the species of plants and animals that have ever lived on planet earth, by processes that mainly depend on chance (mutation), that can not be demonstrated in the laboratory. As such, I decided to put together this web site using as material, mainly the writings of other scientists who have researched the subject in more detail and published books on the subject. Over the years various contributing authors have kindly contributed to this site as shown on this page.

Whilst the aim of this site is to show some of the counter arguments to the theory of evolution, this site respects people of all opinions and viewpoints.

Do feel free contact us if you disagree with any information on this site or want to make any suggestions or comments.

Click here if you want to see some papers I have written or been involved with. You can look some of these up on the PubMed web site.

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SIBLEY, ANDREW. BSc, MSc EDM (Open), FRMetS. Andrew  mainly wrote the Big Bang page and also wrote all of the page giving a review of Denis Alexander's book Creation or Evolution, do we have to choose.

Andrew has worked as a weather forecaster for a number of years, including presentation of forecasts on BBC local radio. He completed an MSc in Environmental Decision Making in 2003 with the Open University, and as a Christian he has developed a keen interest in environmental and social ethics. He is also a Council Member of the Creation Science Movement based in Portsmouth, which was founded in 1932 to challenge the ethical, theological and scientific implications that belief in evolution presents to society. 

Andrew has recently (2005) written a book Restoring the ethics of Creation

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TAYLOR, PAUL
. Paul lives in Auckland, NZ and is married and has two adult daughters and one grandson. Paul is active in caring for the whole family as his main focus but likes to spend time on the computer, sending and receiving emails and browsing the Internet. His main interests there include following the discussions around Creation and evolution and learning about Linux and computer security issues.

In an earlier stage of his life, Paul worked as an Accountant, with a major segment as Cost Accountant for a factory producing fiberglass insulation. It was in this role that he began his interest in computing, initially programming the costing functions on a programmable calculator, then overseeing the programming for one of the first commercial desktop computers

One of his main achievements was building the family home during a short leave from this office job. His interest in Creation Science began as a teenager when he was confronted by the challenge of evolution but flowered when he was unable to work following an illness and became acquainted with Creation Research founder, John Mac kay, at a Creation workshop.

Paul has contributed immensely to  this site by careful proof reading of many pages with editorial suggestions. Paul has also suggested many of the useful links in the Links page and has responded to many of the comments posted to this site in the past.

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TOKELEY, CHRISTOPER came to faith in Jesus Christ through a Crusader (now Urban Saints) Bible class in south west London. He later studied theology under Rev. Dr Ernest Evan, BD, Math, PhD , at the London Bible College, while continuing his career in international trade finance in the City of London. 

He was Chairman of Christians in Finance from 1975, until his retirement, since he has given himself to writing articles for magazines and newspapers on a variety of matters, including writing Adam ate with dinosaurs published in 2010. 

He is presently writing a book on three men who changed Wales for God. He takes a keen interest in world affairs and classical music. He is also author of the page Bible False on this site.

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TOLEMAN, DR MARK B.Sc. M.Sc (Distinction) Ph.D. I am happily married with six children and became a Christian at University ~ 20 years ago after being confronted with the good news of the gospel of Jesus Christ together with the fact that I had fallen far short of His standards. 

Despite almost constant text book bashing and evolutionary brain-washing throughout my education the general theory of evolution has always appeared to me as no more than a fashionable belief. 

In the last few years I have become more interested in looking at the details of the evidence for and against evolution and the impact of evolutionary belief on society. I am amazed at the wild dogmatic statements of the text books based on such flimsy and incomplete evidence and the awful fruit that this theory has produced in our Western society.

I am currently employed by the University of Cardiff (2008) as a Research Fellow. I also have tutorial and lecture teaching commitments. My main area of expertise is the genetics of antibiotic resistance in bacteria. I have authored or co-authored over fifty peer-reviewed publications and presentations at major scientific meetings in this area and have served as a reviewer for several journals. 

Mark had kindly contributed the evolution of evolution article to this site. 

Click here to go to a list of Scientific papers and presentations which Dr Mark Toleman has either written or presented or has been involved with.

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 PUBLICATION LIST OF LUKE RANDALL

Randall L. P., D. Eaves, S. W. Cooles, E. Liebana, L. J. V. Piddock, and M. J. Woodward. 2002. Development of antibiotic resistance in Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 from chicks dosed with enrofloxacin. Poster: In "Proceedings of the Symposium Salmonella and Samonellosis", St-Brieuc, FRANCE.

Liebana E., C. Clouting, C. A. Cassar, L. P. Randall, R. A. Walker, E. J. Threlfall, F. A. Clifton-Hadley, A. M. Ridley, and R. H. Davies. 2002. Comparison of gyrA mutations, cyclohexane resistance, and the presence of class I integrons in Salmonella enterica from farm animals in England and Wales. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 40:1481-1486.

Randall L. P. 1999. The multiple antibiotic resistance (mar) locus in S. typhimurium DT104, S. enteritidis and S. dublin strains from animals. Association of Veterinary Teachers and Research Workers. Current Topics in Veterinary Science. 53rd Scientific Meeting.

Randall L. P. and M. J. Woodward. 2001. The Multiple Antibiotic Resistance (mar) Locus in Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 and other Salmonellas from animals. Applied and Environmental Microbiology  67:1190-1197.

Randall L. P., S. W. Cooles, A. R. Sayers, and M. J. Woodward. 2001. Association between cyclohexane resistance in Salmonella of different serovars and increased resistance to multiple antibiotics, disinfectants and dyes. Journal of Medical Microbiology 50: 919-924.

Randall L. P., C. Wray, and R. H. Davies. 1999. Survival of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 under simulated farm conditions. Veterinary Record 145:500-501.

Randall L. P., C. Wray, and I. M. McLaren. 1997. Studies on the development and use of a monoclonal sandwich ELISA for the detection of verotoxic Escherichia coli in animal faeces. Veterinary Record 140:112-115.

Randall L. P. and M. J. Woodward. 2001. Role of the mar locus in virulence of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104 in chickens. Journal of Medical Microbiology 50:770-779.

Randall L. P. and M. J. Woodward. 2002. The multiple antibiotic resistance (mar) locus and its significance. Research in Veterinary Science 72:87-93.

Randall L. P., A. M. Ridley, S. W. Cooles, M. Sharma, A. R. Sayers, L. Pumbwe, D. G. Newell, L. J. V. Piddock, and M. J. Woodward. 2003. Prevalence of multiple antibiotic resistance in 443 Campylobacter spp. isolated from humans and animals. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 52: 507-510.

Randall L. P., S. W. Cooles, A. R. Sayers, L. J. V. Piddock, and M. J. Woodward. 2003. Effect of triclosan or phenol farm disinfectant upon the selection of ciprofloxacin-resistant Salmonella enterica. Poster: Proceedings of the 5th European congress of Chemotherapy and infection, 17th to 20th October, Rhodes.

Randall L. P., S. W. Cooles, M. K. Osborn, L. J. V. Piddock, and M. J. Woodward. 2004. Antibiotic resistance genes, integrons and multiple antibiotic resistance in thirty-five serotypes of Salmonella enterica isolated from humans and animals in the U.K. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 53: 208-216.

Wray C., I. M. Mc Laren, L. P. Randall, and G. R.. Pearson. 2000. Natural and experimental infection of normal cattle with E. Coli O 157. Veterinary Record 147:65-68.

Randall L. P., S. W. Cooles, L. J. Piddock, and M. J. Woodward. 2004. Effect of triclosan or a phenolic farm disinfectant on the selection of antibiotic-resistant Salmonella enterica. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 54: 621-627.

Randall L. P., S. W. Cooles, L. J. Piddock, and M. J. Woodward. 2004. Mutant prevention concentrations of ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin for Salmonella enterica. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 54: 688-691.

Pumbwe L., L. P. Randall, M. J. Woodward, and L. J. Piddock. 2004. Expression of the efflux pump genes cmeB, cmeF and the porin gene porA in multiple-antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter jejuni. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 54: 341-347.

Eaves D. J., L. Randall, D. T. Gray, A. Buckley, M. J. Woodward, A. P. White, and L. J. Piddock. 2004. Prevalence of mutations within the quinolone resistance-determining region of gyrA, gyrB, parC, and parE and association with antibiotic resistance in quinolone-resistant Salmonella enterica. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 48: 4012-4015.

Randall L. P., C. Clouting, F. Clifton-Hadley, R. Davies K.O. Gradel, and M. J. Woodward. 2005.Farm disinfectants select for cyclohexane resistance, a marker of multiple antibiotic resistance (MAR), in Escherichia coli.Journal of Applied Microbiology 98: 556-563

Randall, L. P., Cooles, S. W., Stapleton, K., Coldham, N. G., Piddock, L.J.V., Woodward, M. J.  2005.Mutant prevention concentrations of fluoroquinolones authorised for use in poultry against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT 104. Poster ECCMID April 2005.

Randall, L. P., Coldham, N. G., Piddock, L. J. V., Woodward, M. J. 2005. Detection of quinolone resistance mutations in gyrA, gyrB, parC and parE of Salmonella enterica by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) using standard HPLC equipment. Poster ECCMID April 2005.

 Cooles, S. W., Stapleton, K., Coldham, N. G., Randall, L. P., Woodward, M. J. 2005. Quantification of fluoroquinolone antibiotics in chicken liver, caecal contents and serum. Poster ECCMID April 2005.

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PUBLICATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS OF DR MARK TOLEMAN

Biedenbach, D.J., Toleman, M.A., Walsh, T.R., and Jones R.N. (2005) Analysis of Salmonella spp. with resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones isolated in North America and Latin America : report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1997-2004). Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis.  Nov 11; [Epub ahead of print]

Walsh, T.R., Onken, A., Haldorsen, B., Toleman, M.A., Sundsfjord, A., (2005) Characterization of a carbapenemase-producing clinical isolate of Bacteroides fragilis in Scandinavia: genetic analysis of a unique insertion sequence. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Disease. Vol.37 (9):676-9.

Fritsche, T.R., Sader, H.S., Toleman, M.A., Walsh, T.R., Jones, R.N., (2005) Emerging metallo-beta-lactamase-mediated resistances: a summary report from the worldwide SENTRY antimicrobial surveillance program. Clinical Infectious Diseases. Vol. 14 Suppl 4:S276-8.

Walsh, T.R., Toleman, M.A., Poirel, L., Nordmann, P., (2005) Metallo-beta-lactamases: the quiet before the storm? Clinical Microbiology Reviews. Vol.18 (2):306-25.

Jones, R.N., Biedenbach, D.J., Sader, H.S., Fritsche, T.R., Toleman, M.A., Walsh, T.R., (2005) Emerging epidemic of metallo-beta-lactamase-mediated resistances. Diagnostic Microbiology of Infectious Disease. Vol. 51(2):77-84.

DiPersio, J.R., Deshpande, L.M., Biedenbach, D.J., Toleman, M.A., Walsh, T.R., Jones, R.N., (2005) Evolution and dissemination of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae: epidemiology and molecular report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1997-2003). Diagnostic Microbiology of Infectious Disease. Vol. 51(1):1-7.

Sader, H.S., Castanheira, M., Mendes, R.E., Toleman, M.A., Walsh, T.R., Jones, R.N., (2005) Dissemination and diversity of metallo-beta-lactamases in Latin America: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. Vol. 25 (1):57-61

Toleman, M.A., Biedenbach, D., Bennett, D.M., Jones, R.N., Walsh, T.R., (2005) Italian metallo-beta-lactamases: a national problem? Report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. Vol. 55 (1):61-70.

Mendes RE, Toleman MA, Ribeiro J, Sader HS, Jones RN, Walsh TR. (2004) Integron Carrying a Novel Metallo-{beta}-Lactamase Gene, blaIMP-16, and a Fused Form of Aminoglycoside-Resistant Gene aac(6')-30/aac(6')-Ib': Report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Vol. 48 (12):4693-4702.

Castanheira M, Toleman MA, Jones RN, Schmidt FJ, Walsh TR. (2004) Molecular Characterization of a {beta}-Lactamase Gene, blaGIM-1, Encoding a New Subclass of Metallo-{beta}-Lactamase. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Vol. 48 (12):4654-4661.

Jones RN, Deshpande LM, Bell JM, Turnidge JD, Kohno S, Hirakata Y, Ono Y, Miyazawa Y, Kawakama S, Inoue M, Hirata Y, Toleman MA. (2004) Evaluation of the contemporary occurrence rates of metallo-beta-lactamases in multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli in Japan : report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1998-2002). Diagnostic Microbiology of Infectious Disease. Vol. 48 (4):289-94.

Mendes RE, Castanheira M, Garcia P, Guzman M, Toleman MA, Walsh TR, Jones RN. (2004) First isolation of bla(VIM-2) in Latin America : report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program.; Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Vol. 48 (4):1433-4.

Patzer J, Toleman MA, Deshpande LM, Kaminska W, Dzierzanowska D, Bennett PM, Jones RN, Walsh TR.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains harbouring an unusual blaVIM-4 gene cassette isolated from hospitalized children in Poland (1998-2001). (2004) Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. Vol. 43 (3):451-6.

Toleman M.A., Walsh, T.R. (2004) New metallo-β-lactamase gene. Journal Highlights, ASM News, The News Magazine of the American Society for Microbiology. Feb;70 (2):80.

Toleman MA, Rolston K, Jones RN, Walsh TR. blaVIM-7, an evolutionarily distinct metallo-beta-lactamase gene in a Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolate from the United States . (2004) Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Vol. 48 (1):329-32.

Stephen JM, Toleman MA, Walsh TR, Jones RN. (2003) Salmonella bloodstream infections: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1997-2001). International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. Vol. 22 (4):395-405.

Toleman MA, Biedenbach D, Bennett D, Jones RN, Walsh TR (2003) Genetic characterization of a novel metallo-beta-lactamase gene, blaIMP-13, harboured by a novel Tn5051-type transposon disseminating carbapenemase genes in Europe: report from the SENTRY worldwide antimicrobial surveillance programme. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. Vol. 52 (4):583-90.

Toleman MA, Rolston K, Jones RN, Walsh TR. (2003) Molecular and biochemical characterization of OXA-45, an extended-spectrum class 2d' beta-lactamase in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2003 Vol. 47 (9):2859-63.

Walsh TR, Toleman MA, Hryniewicz W, Bennett PM, Jones RN (2003)Evolution of an integron carrying blaVIM-2 in Eastern Europe : report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. Vol. 52 (1):116-9.

Murphy TA, Simm AM, Toleman MA, Jones RN, Walsh TR. (2003) Biochemical characterization of the acquired metallo-beta-lactamase SPM-1 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Vol. 47 (2):582-7.

Toleman MA, Simm AM, Murphy TA, Gales AC, Biedenbach DJ, Jones RN, Walsh TR. (2002) Molecular characterization of SPM-1, a novel metallo-beta-lactamase isolated in Latin America : report from the SENTRY antimicrobial surveillance programme. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. Vol. 50 (5):673-9.

Hill DJ, Toleman MA, Evans DJ, Villullas S, Van Alphen L, Virji M. (2001) The variable P5 proteins of typeable and non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae target human CEACAM1. Molecular Microbiology. Vol. 39 (4):850-62.

Toleman MA, Aho E, Virji M. (2001) Expression of pathogen-like Opa adhesins in commensal Neisseria: genetic and functional analysis. Cellular Microbiology. Vol. 3 (1):33-44.

45th Interscience Conference On Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Washington D.C. 2005

Many integrons harbouring metallo-β-lactamase geness are imbedded in an invertase gene of incompatibility group U plasmids. M. A. Toleman, R.N. Jones and T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Novel CR element CR6 is associated with trimethoprim resistance in multi resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates. M.A. Toleman, D. Biedenbach, R.N. Jones and T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

BlaOXA-45 is associated with a CR element CR5 which provides the oxacillinase gene with promoter sequences enabling expression. M.A. Toleman, T. Stone, R.N. Jones and T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Sequence analysis of the plasmid mobilizing the metallo-β-lactamase gene blaVIM-7 reveals that it is similar to a plasmid previously found in South America associated with citrus canker. H. Y. Li, M.A. Toleman, R.N.Jones and T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Common regions are IS91-like insertion sequences that mobilise antibiotic genes and construct mega-antibiotic resistance islands. M. A. Toleman and T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.  

15th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Copenhagen

Genetic characterisation of the IMP-1 metallo-β-lactamase gene in Enterobacter cloacae strains from Turkey :
Report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme
M.A. Toleman, D.M. Bennett, R.N. Jones & T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Analysis of genetic structures responsible for the dissemination of Japanese metallo-β-lactamase alleles:
Report from the SENTRY antimicrobial surveillance programme M.A. Toleman, D.M. Bennett, R.N. Jones & T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Genetic analysis of CMY-2 beta-lactamase genes and Class 1 integrons in Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacae from Norway .  T.R. Walsh, M.A. Toleman, D.M.C. Bennett, B. Haldorsen, & A. Sundsfjord . Poster presentation.

 The Diverse Integron Structures Disseminating VIM genes in Poland (Mystic Programme) 
Jan Patzer, M.A. Toleman, Alicja Grzesik1, Philip Turner Danuta Dzierzanowska, T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Transfer and carriage of naturally occurring Pseudomonas aeruginosa plasmids harbouring metallo-β-lactamase to enterobacteriacea strains. M. Castanheira, R.E. Mendes, M.A. Toleman, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh.  

44th Interscience Conference On Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Washington D.C. 2004

R. N. Jones, D. J. Biedenbach, L. M. Deshpande, M. A. Toleman. Class 1 integrons as the origin of trimethoprim? Sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX)-resistant S. maltophilia isolates in Europe, Latin America and North America : Report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. Poster presentation.

M. A. Toleman, D.M. Bennett, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh.Association of the blaVIM-1 Metallo-β-Lactamase Gene, the small Multidrug Resistance Gene smr, the blaPSE-1 gene in a unique Class 1 Integron Found in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from Sicily : Report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. Poster presentation.

M. A. Toleman, R. Mendes, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Dissemination of blaVIM-1 Metallo-β-lactamase Gene in Greece via the Transposon Tn21: Report from the SENTRY Surveillance Program. Poster presentation.

M. A. Toleman, R. Mendes, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Multi-Resistance Genomic islands are found in Metallo-β-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from Italian hospitals:Report from the SENTRY Surveillance Program. Poster presentation.

R. E. Mendez, M. Castanheira, M. A. Toleman, H. S. Sader, R. N. Jones, T. R. Walsh. Characterisation of Novel Insertion Sequences in blaIMP-1 Integrons among Gram-Negative Clinical isolates from Sao Paulo , Brazil . Poster presentation.

J. Spencer, M. A. Toleman, T. R. Walsh. The Acylation Event in the Reaction of OXA beta-Lactamases: a Pre-Steady-State Study. Poster presentation.

D. M. Johnson, M. G. Stillwell, M. A. Toleman, R. N. Jones. Emergence and Epidemic Clonality of Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) S. pneumoniae (SPN; 1997-2003): Report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. Poster presentation.

M. A. Toleman, D.M. Bennett, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Global Perspective of CR Elements Associated with Metallo-β-Lactamase Producing isolates: Report from the SENTRY Surveillance Program. Poster presentation.

T. R. Fritsche, P. R. Rhomberg, L. S. Stratchounski, R. N. Jones, J. M. Streit, M. A. Toleman. Prevalence and Antimicrobial Spectrum of Oral Agents Tested against Gastroenteritis Isolates Recovered in Europe (EU) and Latin America (LA): Report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (2003). Poster presentation. 

14th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Prague 2004

Hospital outbreak of an imipenem-resistant VIM-2 encoding Acinetobacter DNA group 14TU strain in a German teaching hospital. M. Toleman, H. Seifert, L. Dijkshoorn, R. Reinert, T. Walsh. Oral Presentation.

First appearance of the CfiA metallo-β-lactamase gene in Norway and its association with a novel insertion element. M. Toleman, A. Sundsfjord, A. Onken, B. Haldorsen, T. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Biochemical characterisation of IMP-16, a novel IMP variant harboured in a class 1 Integron of a Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolate from Brazil . R.E. Mendes, M.A. Toleman, H.S. Sader, R.N. Jones, T.R.Walsh. Poster presentation.

TN21-like elements disseminating carbapenemase genes in Italy : report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial surveillance programme. M.A. Toleman, R. Mendes, M. Castanheira, D. Bennett, R.N. Jones T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation

Characterisation of two novel 6, amino-glycoside acetyltransferase genes aac(6’)-30 and aac(6’)-31, found in blaIMP-16 and blaIMP-1 Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains carrying integrons. R.E. Mendes, M.A Toleman, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Characterisation of In77, a class 1 plasmid-located integron carrying the novel metallo-β-lactamase gene blaGIM-1. M. Castanheira, M.A. Toleman, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Poster Presentation.

Tn501-like transposons carrying novel blaVIM4 metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) gene cassettes in Poland and GIM-1 in Germany report from the SENTRY antimicrobial surveillance programme. M.A.Toleman, R. Mendes, M. Castanheira, J. Patzer, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Incidence of fluoroquinolone-resistant beta-haemolytic streptococci in North America (NA) and europe (EU): Report from the SENTRY antimicrobial surveillance Program, 1997-2002. D.J. Biedenbach, M. Toleman, T. Walsh, R. Jones

Biochemical characterisation of VIM-7, a new VIM variant produced by a Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolate from Texas . M. Castanheira, T.A. Murphy, M.A. Toleman, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Endemic and epidemic occurrences of metallo-β-lactamases in Japanese medical centres (1998-2002): report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial surveillance Programme. R. Mendes, M. Guzman, P. Garcia, R. Jones, M.A. Toleman, T.R. Walsh, H. Sader.  

43rd Interscience Conference On Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Chicago Illinois 2003

R.E. Mendes, J. Ribeiro, M. Castanheira, M. A. Toleman, H.S. Sader, R.N. Jones, T. R.  Walsh. 2003. Characterisation of a Novel Metallo-β-Lactamase Gene blaIMP-14: a Highly Divergent blaIMP with a Unique Genetic Context. Abstract: C1-661. 43rd ICAAC Abstracts, American Society for Microbiology, September, 2003, page 74

M. Castanheira, R.E. Mendes, T. Murphy, M. A. Toleman, H.S. Sader, R.N. Jones, T. R. Walsh. 2003. Characterisation of Mobile Elements Carrying Metallo-β-Lactamase (MBL) Genes, blaIMP-1, blaIMP-14, blaSPM-1, blaVIM-2 from Latin American Medical Centers: Report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. Abstract: C2-2023. Citation: 43rd ICAAC Abstracts, American Society for Microbiology, September, 2003, page 153

J. Spencer, A.M. Simm, T.A. Murphy, M.A. Toleman, R.N. Jones, T. R.  Walsh, W. Minor. 2003. Crystal Structure Of The Pseudomonas Aeruginosa SPM-1 Metallo-β-Lactamase. Abstract: C1-668. 43rd ICAAC Abstracts, American Society For Microbiology, September, 2003, Page 75

M. A. Toleman, P.M. Bennett, R.N. Jones, T. R. Walsh. 2003. Dissemination Of Metallo-β-Lactamases In Europe Via A Tn5051-Like Composite Transposon: Report From The SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. Abstract: C2-2025. 43rd ICAAC Abstracts, American Society For Microbiology, September, 2003, Page 154

D.J. Biedenbach, M. A. Toleman, T. R. Walsh, J. Dipersio, R.N. Jones. 2003. Evolution And Dissemination Of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing K. Pneumoniae (Esbl+Kpn): Epidemiology And Molecular Report From The SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program During 1997-2003. Abstract: C2-47. 43rd ICAAC Abstracts, American Society For Microbiology, September, 2003, Page 108

D.J. Biedenbach, M. Toleman, T. R.  Walsh, R.N. Jones. 2003. Genetic Analysis Of Salmonella Spp. (Sal) With Resistance (R) To Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporins And Fluoroquinolones (Fq) Isolated In North And Latin America (SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program). Abstract: C2-101. 43rd ICAAC Abstracts, American Society For Microbiology, September, 2003, Page 120

D.J. Biedenbach, M. A. Toleman, T. R.  Walsh, R.N. Jones. 2003. Molecular Analysis And Activity Profiles Of Fluoroquinolone (Fq)-Resistant (R) S. Pneumoniae (Spn) Isolates From North America (NA), Latin America (LA) And Europe (EU): Results From The SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (2001-2002). Abstract: C2-105. 43rd ICAAC Abstracts, American Society For Microbiology, September, 2003, Page 121

 M. Castanheira, R.E. Mendes, F. Schmitz, M. A. Toleman, R.N. Jones, T. R. Walsh. 2003. Molecular And Biochemical Characterization Of A Novel Class B Beta-Lactamase, GIM-1: A New Subclass Of Metallo-β-Lactamase: Report From The SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. Abstract: C1-669. 43rd ICAAC Abstracts, American Society For Microbiology, September, 2003, Page 76

H.S. Sader, R.E. Mendes, M. Castanheira, K.A. Gordon, M. A. Toleman, T.R. Walsh, L.M. Deshpande, R.N. Jones. 2003. The Emergence Of Metallo-β-Lactamases (MβL) And Increasing Carbapenem Resistance Among P. Aeruginosa (Psa) And Acinetobacter Spp. (Asp) From Bloodstream Infections (Bsi): Report From The SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. Abstract: C2-2028. 43rd ICAAC Abstracts, American Society For Microbiology, September, 2003, Page 155 . 

13th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Glasgow 2004

Analysis of blaVIM gene context from Italy reveals novel resistant cassettes:report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial programme. M.A. Toleman, D. Bennett, R. Jones, T. Walsh, Poster presentation.

Cloning of a hybrid metallo-beta-lactamase gene conferring a novel IMP variant blaIMP-13 in Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Italy : report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial programme. M.A. Toleman, R. Jones, T. Walsh, Poster presentation.

Evolution of an integron carrying blaVIM-2 in Central Europe : report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial programme. M.A. Toleman, W. Hryniewicz P.M. Bennett, R. Jones, T. Walsh, Poster presentation.

 Epidemiology of the new metallo-beta-lactamase gene, blaSPM-1, in South America : report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial programme. M.A. Toleman, D. Bennett, T. Walsh, R. Jones, Poster presentation.

VIM-1 or VIM-1 and VIM-2 metallo-lactamase producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from hospitalized children in Poland (1997-2002). J. Patzer, M. Toleman, W. Kaminska, D. Dzierzanowska, R. Jones, T. Walsh

42nd Interscience Conference On Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. San Diego , California 2002

Molecular characterisation of VIM-4, a novel Metallo-β-lactamase Isolated from Texas : Report from the Cancer surveillance program (2001). M.A. Toleman, K. Rolston, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Molecular and Kinetic characterisation of OXA-41, A Novel β-lactamase Distantly related to OXA-18:Report from the Cancer surveillance program (2001). M.A. Toleman, A.M. Simm, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Molecular determinisation of β-lactamases (BL) Types found in Salmonella spp. Isolated in India : Report for the Mystic program. D. Mathai, M.A. Toleman, T.R. Walsh, R.N. Jones. Poster presentation.

Molecular characterisation of β-lactamases (BL) from E.coli (EC) Isolated from a multicentre Trial in India : Benchmark Report for the Mystic program. M.A. Toleman, D. Biedenbach, R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh. Poster presentation.

Novel phenotypic Screening Method Accurately Dtetects Emerging P. aeruginosa (Psa) Metallo-β-lactamases (MBL) isolates in Italy :Report from the SENTRY antimicrobial surveillance Program. R.N. Jones, T.R. Walsh, M.A. Toleman, D. Biedenbach, G. Deshpande, E. Debbia, G. Nicoletti, G. Fadda.  

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